UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine

School of Veterinary Medicine


Tables and Resources

TABLE 6-1 . LAWS AND REGULATIONS: Biology and Health Instruction; Impacts on Funding for Science Education; Students’ Participation in Dissection; Animal Welfare and Use of Animals or Specimens in Classrooms


Alternatives to dissection, National Association for Humane and Environmental Education.

Altweb Johns Hopkins Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing

ERIC: is a national information system funded by the U.S. Department of Education's Institute of Education Sciences to provide access to education literature and resources.



ILAR: Institute for Laboratory Animal Research
ILAR Principles and guidelines for the use of animals in precollege education


NORINA Laboratory Animal Unit, Norwegian School of Veterinary Science, Oslo, Norway


Principles and Guidelines for the Use of Animals in Precollege Education  Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources, Commission on Life Sciences, National Research Council, National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering  2006

Cat dissection vs. sculpting human structures in clay: an analysis of two approaches to undergraduate human anatomy laboratory education. Waters JR, Van Meter P, Perrotti W, Drogo S, Cyr RJ.  Adv Physiol Educ. 2005 Mar; 29(1):27-34.

Dissection Reconsidered: A Reaction to de Villiers and Monk's "The First Cut Is the Deepest"  Hug, Barbara.  Journal of Curriculum Studies; v37 n5 p601-606 Sep 2005

The First Cut Is the Deepest: Reflections on the State of Animal Dissection in Biology Education.  De Villiers, Rian; Monk, Martin.  Journal of Curriculum Studies; v37 n5 p583-600 Sep 2005

"Hands-Off" Dissection?  Allchin, Douglas.  American Biology Teacher; v67 n6 p369 Aug 2005

Responsible Use of Live Animals and Dissection in the Science Classroom. NSTA Position Statement.  National Science Teachers Association (NJ1), 2005

Responsible Use of Live Animals in the Classroom.  Roy, Ken. Science Scope; v27 n9 p10-11 Jul-Aug 2004

Evolutionary Biology Digital Dissection Project: Web-Based Laboratory Learning Opportunities for Students.  Fabian, Carole Ann.  American Biology Teacher; v66 n2 p128 Feb 2004

Animal use in higher education in the SEE (South Eastern Europe) region.
Knezevic G. ALTEX. 2004;21(2):102-4

Plastination: Preservation Technology Enhances Biology Teaching.  Douglass, Claudia; Glover, Roy.  American Biology Teacher; v65 n7 p503-04,506-08,510 Sep 2003

Squid Dissection: From Pen to Ink.  Brown, Cindy; Kisiel, Jim.  Science Activities; v40 n1 p16-22 Spr 2003

Plastinated Specimens Can Improve the Conceptual Quality of Biology Labs.  Stuart, Michael D; Henry, R W.  American Biology Teacher; v64 n2 p130-34 Feb 2002

Animal dissection and evidence-based life-science and health-professions education.
Nobis N.J Appl Anim Welf Sci. 2002;5(2):157-61

Surgical education: attitudes toward animal use in teaching surgery at Louisiana State University.  Hedlund CS, Hosgood G, Naugler S. J Vet Med Educ. 2002 Spring; 29(1):50-5

Using a Cross Section to Train Veterinary Students To Visualize Anatomical Structures in Three Dimensions.  Provo, Judy; Lamar, Carlton; Newby, Timothy.  Journal of Research in Science Teaching; v39 n1 p10-34 Jan 2002

Traditional versus Computer-Based Dissections in Enhancing Learning in a Tertiary Setting: A Student Perspective.  Franklin, Sue; Peat, Mary; Lewis, Alison.  Journal of Biological Education; v36 n3 p124-29 Sum 2002

The Debate over Dissection: Dissecting a Classroom Dilemma.  Madrazo, Gerry M, Jr.  Science Educator; v11 n1 p41-45 Spr 2002

The Effects of Computer Animated Dissection versus Preserved Animal Dissection on the Student Achievement in a High School Biology Class.  Kariuki, Patrick; Paulson, Ronda. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Mid-South Educational Research Association (30th, Little Rock, AR, November 14-16, 2001). 19p.

Dissect Your Squid and Eat It Too!  McGinnis, Patricia.  Science Scope; v24 n7 p12-17 Apr 2001

Issues Associated with Inserting Computer Simulations into Biology Instruction: A Review of the Literature.  Akpan, Joseph P.  Electronic Journal of Science Education; v5 n3 Mar 2001

Evaluation of E-Rat, a Computer-based Rat Dissection in Terms of Student Learning Outcomes.  Predavec, Martin.  Journal of Biological Education; v35 n2 p75-80 Spr 2001

The Use of an Isolated Earthworm Crop-Gizzard Preparation as a Model for Teaching Smooth Muscle Physiology.  Krajniak, Kevin G; Klohr, Ryan W. American Biology Teacher; v63 n1 p59-65 Jan 2001

Quidne Mortui Vivos Docent? The Evolving Purpose of Human Dissection in Medical Education.  Dyer, George S M; Thorndike, Mary E L.  Academic Medicine; v75 n10 p969-79 Oct 2000

Animals in the Classroom: A Guide for Elementary and Secondary Educators.  Birkholz, Elaine; Theran, Peter.  Produced by Massachusetts Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals and American Humane Education Society. 8p. Sep 2000

Animals in psychology education and student choice.
Cunningham PF. Soc Anim. 2000;8(2):191-212

Easy Extraction of Roundworms from Earthworm Hosts.  Eyster, Linda S; Fried, Bernard
American Biology Teacher; v62 n5 p370-73 May 2000

Dissection as Inquiry: Using the "Peanut Observation" Activity to Promote a Revised Paradigm of Dissection and Facilitate Student Involvement and Understanding.
Bernstein, Penny L. American Biology Teacher; v62 n5 p374-77 May 2000

Dissecting Classroom Ethics.  Allchin, Douglas.  Science Teacher; v67 n1 p43 Jan 2000

Selected Internet Resources for Science Fairs, Animals in Education and Research, Kids Pages and Animal Careers / Richard L. Crawford.  Beltsville, MD: USDA, NAL, November 1999.  (Revised July 2000)  AWIC Series No. 99-01

Comparative studies of dissection and other animal uses in education / Jonathan Balcombe. [Washington, DC]: Humane Society of the United States [1999] A two page list of citations.

Reassessing the importance of dissection: a critique and elaboration.  Jones DG. Clin Anat. 1997;10(2):123-7

Attitudes toward dissection: annotated list of studies / Jonathan Balcombe. [Washington, DC]: Humane Society of the United States, 1995. A list of citations, 1989-1996.

Animal alternatives in precollege education: when? / Lynette A Hart. In Vitro Toxicology 8(2) 1995:213-4
UC Center for Animal Alternatives, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis CA 95616-8684

Profound Encounters: Classroom Animals--More Than Responsible Pet Care.  Naherniak, Craig.  Clearing; v91 p12-15 Nov-Dec 1995

Beyond dissection: innovative teaching tools for biology education / Laura Simon. Boston MA: Ethical Science Education Coalition, 1995. [4], 62p.

Experience with a dissection opt-out scheme in university level biology / Roger Downie and Jan Meadows. Journal of Biological Education 29(3) 1995 Autumn:187-93  (UCD Shields QH315 J6  v.1,1967-   )

Investigator competency and animal experiments: guidelines for elementary and secondary education / F Barbara Orlans. Lab Animal 24(9) 1995 Oct:29,32-4

Hearts, lungs, and children: a physiologist returns to kindergarten / Douglas Curran-Everett. American Journal of Physiology  1995. 269 (6 PART 3): S32-S36.

Animals in education: the facts, issues and implications / Lisa Ann Hepner. Albuquerque, NM: Richmond Publishers, 1994.

Use of animals and animal organs in schools: practice and attitudes of teachers / William Smith. Journal of Biological Education 28(2) 1994 Summer:111-8

The National Dissection Hotline: five years of spearheading the struggle for students' rights and humane education / Pat Graham. NAVS Bulletin 1993 Fall:8-11

Dissection as an instructional technique in secondary science: choice and alternatives.
Bowd AD. Soc Anim. 1993;1(1):83-9.

The effects of an interactive dissection simulation on the performance and achieve-ment of high school biology students / Mable B. Kinzie, Richard Strauss, Jean Foss. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 30(8) 1993:989-1000.

The importance of dissection in biology teaching / Susan Offner. American Biology Teacher,55(3) 1993 Mar:147-9.

The effects of an interactive dissection simulation on the performance and achieve-ment of high school biology students / Mable B. Kinzie, Richard Strauss, Jean Foss. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 30(8) 1993:989-1000.

The importance of dissection in biology teaching / Susan Offner. American Biology Teacher,55(3) 1993 Mar:147-9.

Use of dissection-related courseware by low-ability high school students: a qualitative inquiry / Mable B Kinzie, M Jean Foss, Susan M Powers. Educational Technology Research & Development: ETR&D, 41(3) 1993:87-101

The use of animals in education / F. Barbara Orlans, p.191-208, in: F. Barbara Orlans, In the name of science: issues in responsible animal experimentation. New York ; Oxford : Oxford University Press, 1993.

JD McInerney covers the NABT policy and dissection issues in his article, "Animals in education: are we prisoners of false sentiment? American Biology Teacher 55(5) 1993:276-81.

The student rights option: a student guide to objecting to psychology animal labs / PSYeta, Washington Grove, MD, 1992?

Vivisection and dissection in the classroom: a guide to conscientious objection / Gary L. Francione, Anna E. Charlton. Jenkintown, PA : American Anti-Vivisection Society, c1992.

Dissecting values in the classroom / Jane Smith. New Scientist 134(1820) 1992 May 9:31-5
Dept of Biomedical Science and Biomedical Ethics, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B 15 2TT, UK

Doing without dissection / Juliana Texley. American School Board Journal 179(1) 1992 Jan:24-6

Multiple Evaluation Perspectives of the Animals in the Classroom Workshops.  Hinton, Nadine K; And Others.  Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Chicago, IL, April 3-7, 1991).
16p. 5 Apr 1991.

Hi-tech alternatives to dissection / Richard T. Strauss, Mable B. Kinzie, American Biology Teacher 53(3) 1991 Mar:154-157
Features the videodisc, Interactive Frog Dissection
Animals in the Classroom: Considering the Options.  Mayer, Victor J; Hinton, Nadine K
Science Teacher; v57 n3 p26-30 Mar 1990

Dissection / John Richard Schrock. Kansas School Naturalist 36(3) 1990 Feb:3-15

Objecting to dissection: a handbook for college students / San Rafael, CA : Animal Legal Defense Fund, [1990?]
A high school version is also available

Parties with a Purpose: Classroom Parties that Teach about Animals. Donovan, Christine
Humane Education; v8 n3 p23-25 Sep 1984

"There's a Real Dog in the Classroom?": The Relationship Between Young Children and Animals.  Margadant-van Arcken Marjan.  Children's Environments Quarterly; v1 n3 p12-16 Fall 1984

On 'Caring' for Classroom Animals: The Forum.  Orlans, F Barbara.  Science Teacher; v46 n7 p30-31 Oct 1979

Live Animals for the Biology Classroom. Grafton, Thurman S.  American Biology Teacher; v41 n7 p410-12 Oct 1979

Why Dissection? Animal Use in Education
L Hart, M Wood, and B Hart
2008, Greenwood Press, 240 pages

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February 26, 2010