Exudative Cloacitis in Kakapo

Photo: Kakapo

A photo of one of the remaining kakapo in the world. This bird is part of an intensively managed conservation and breeding program in New Zealand. Click image for larger image

Did you know that there are fewer than 150 kakapo left in the wild?

The kakapo, also known as an owl parrot, is a large, flightless, nocturnal parrot that lives exclusively on a few small islands off the New Zealand coast. CZAR director Dr. Paul-Murphy collaborates on medical research conducted by the Kakapo Recovery breeding program to help improve conservation of this unusual species. 

Exudative cloacitis is an emerging disease among kakapo that results in inflammation of affected birds' lower digestive and reproductive tracts. Birds that contract exudative cloacitis are rendered unable to breed, making the disease a significant threat to this critically endangered bird. Researchers are currently investigating the cause of exudative cloacitis in the kakapo, with a goal to return successful breeding in the species through prevention and treatment.  


  • 2013 Kaytee Avian Foundation Grant: Investigating the cause of, and best treatment for, exudative cloacitis in kakapo.