Oiled Wildlife Care Network

Funded Grants

2013-2014

Merav Ben-David
University of Wyoming
Retrieval and archiving of long-term data on river otter responses to the Exxon Valdez Oil Spilll

James Harvey
Moss Landing Marine Laboratories
Reducing time from capture to treatment of oiled wildlife by predicting stranding patterns of live oiled seabirds and carcass retention in Monterey Bay 

J. Gregory Massey & Keven Flammer
North Carolina State University
Voriconazole sustained release dose range finding study in common murres

Christine Molter
University of California Davis<
Pharmacokinetics of a single subcutaneous dose of sustained release buprenorphine in northern elephant seals

Lisa Tell
University of California Davis
Plasma and lung tissue kinetics for adult mallard ducks (Anas platyrhynchos) following single intratracheal exposure of a nanoparticulate itraconazole suspension

Tim Tinker
University of California Santa Cruz
Game Changer:  Solar Powered Peer-to-Peer Tracking Network for Oiled and Rehabilitated Sea Otters

James Wellehan
University of Florida
Novel seabird virus identification and development of quantitative assays for use in health impact assessment

2012-2013

Dawn Goley
Humboldt State University
The Demography and Distribution of Stranded Marine Birds and Mammals in Northern California

Dan Grout
Island Conservation
Farallones Gull Hazing Trials

Melissa Miller
California Department of Fish & Game
The Inner Otter:  An Interactive Online Reference for Sea Otter-Related Spill Response, Biology and Disease

Kerri Morgan
Massey University Wildlife Health Centre
Post-release monitoring of Little Blue Penguins (Eudyptula minor) following the C.V. Rena

Todd Schmitt
SeaWorld San Diego
Pharmacokinetics of danofloxicin after single subcutaneous and intramuscular dose administration in California brown pelicans (Pelecanus occidentalis)

Lisa Tell
UC Davis
Testing an experimental vaccine in a Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) model of aspergillosis

2011-2012

Keven Flammer
North Carolina State University
Pilot development of a long-acting cephalosporin formulation to treat avian microbial infections

James Harvey
San Jose State University/Moss Landing Marine Lab
Predicting southern sea otter (Enhydra lutris nereis) movements

Melissa Miller
California Department of Fish & Game
The inner otter: An interactive online reference for sea otter-related spill response, biology and disease

Hannahrose Nevins
UC Davis
Hot birds in cold water: Using thermography and thermal microchips to improve oiled seabird rehabilitation

Julie Skoglund
International Bird Rescue
Effects of keel cushions on the behavior of Western grebes entering rehabilitation (Mentorship Award)

Lisa Tell
UC Davis
Pharmacokinetic parameters of cefovecin in adult sea otters (Enhydra lutris)

Rory Wilson
Swansea University
Development of minimal impact tags for tracking rehabilitated oiled seabirds

Eric Woehler
Polar-Eyes
Longevity and dispersion of rehabilitated seabirds and waterfowl, 1980-2010

2010-2011

Kirk Klasing
UC Davis
Investigation into the dietary needs of faunivorous seabirds undergoing rehabilitative care

J. Gregory Massey & Keven Flammer
North Carolina State University and UC Davis
Development of a long-acting injectable formulation of voriconazole for aquatic birds

Hannahrose Nevins
UC Davis
Validation of thermography to assess body temperature and waterproofing of captive and rehabilitated seabirds

Pamela Tuomi
Alaska SeaLife Center
Pharmacokinetic studies of orally administered cefpodoxime proxetil in alcids

Kerri Morgan
New Zealand Wildlife Health Centre
Feasibility of cleaning oil from sea bird feathers using sea water

Kristina Neuman
PRBO Conservation Science
Survival and reproductive success of captive-reared and oiled western snowy plovers

2009-2010

Curt Clumpner
International Bird Rescue Research Center
The evaluation of the use of a mixing sprayer for cleaning oiled birds
(Mentorship Award)

Curt Clumpner
International Bird Rescue Research Center
Comparison of methyl oleate and methyl soyate as pre-treating agents in cleaning oiled birds
(Mentorship Award)

Kirk Klasing
UC Davis Department of Animal Science
Investigation into the dietary needs of faunivorous seabirds undergoing rehabilitative care

Lynn Miller
Le Nichoir Wild Bird Rehabilitation Centre
Does fibrinogen act as a predictor of outcome for birds impacted by crude oil?

Sharon Parker
Tri-State Bird Rescue Research
Pharmacokinetics of injectable meloxicam dosed orally and determination of pH of the proventriculi of waterbirds

Mark Pokras
Tufts University Wildlife Clinic
Web atlas of the anatomy and pathology of aquatic birds

John Takekawa
USGS
Health parameters, distribution and behavior of grebes and scoters in California estuarine and marine waters

Lisa Tell
UC Davis Department of Medicine and Epidemiology
Identification of inflammatory markers of oil exposure in mallard ducks (Anas platyrhynchos)

Ronald Tjeerdema
UC Davis Department of Environmental Toxicology
Effects of Crude Oil and Dispersed Oil on Spawning Topsmelt (Atherinops affinis)

Rory Wilson
Swansea University Institute of Environmental Sustainability
Development of minimal impact tags for tracking rehabilitated oiled seabirds

2008-2009

Scott Benson
NMFS, Southwest Fisheries Science Center
Assessment of nutritional condition in free-ranging Pacific leatherback sea turtles (Dermochelys coriacea)

James Harvey
Moss Landing Marine Laboratories
Quantifying health parameters of Northern fulmars (Fulmarus glacialis) to improve Procellariid rehabilitation

Kirk Klasing
UC Davis
Investigation into the dietary needs of faunivorous seabirds undergoing rehabilitative care

Lauren Palmer
Marine Mammal Care Center, Fort MacArthur
Is subclinical Toxoplasma gondii in northern elephant seals (Mirounga angustirostris) a risk for rehabilitation?

Lisa Tell
UC Davis
Bioavailability and multi-dose pharmacokinetics of itraconazole in Western grebes (Aechmophorus occidentalis)

Tim Tinker
UC Santa Cruz
Pilot project investigating potential effects of natural seep oil on sea otter health and survival

Ron Tjeerdema
UC Davis
Effects of crude oil and dispersed oil on spawning toposmelt (Atherinops affinis)

2007-2008

Jennifer Arnold
Pennsylvania State University
Sub-lethal impacts of oil exposure: examining corticosterone stress response for oil exposed birds

Barbara Byrne
UC Davis
Pathogenesis of Streptococcus infantarius subspecies coli valvular endocarditis in sea otters (Year 2)

Frances Gulland
The Marine Mammal Center
Transcriptional profiling of whole blood and serum analysis for biomarker development to assess exposure and disease states in California sea lions

John Incardona
NOAA
Long-term cardiovascular impacts of embryonic oil exposure

Kirk Klasing
UC Davis
Evaluation of the relationship between seabird innate immunity, captivity, and aspergillosis

Christine Kreuder-Johnson
UC Davis
Serological screening for cardiomyopathy in southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis)

James Lovvorn
University of Wyoming
Developing captive husbandry for Cassin’s auklets and measuring their costs of foraging in spill-prone areas

2006-2007

Barbara Byrne
UC Davis
Pathogenesis of Streptococcus infantarious subspecies coli valvular endocarditis in sea otters

Donald Croll
UC Santa Cruz
At-sea mortality patterns of Monterey Bay seabirds

Joseph Gaydos
UC Davis
Reducing transport stress and developing a surgical technique for implanting satellite transmitters in Western grebes

James Lovvorn
University of Wyoming
Developing captive husbandry for Cassin’s auklets and measuring their costs of foraging in spill-prone areas

J. Gregory Massey
UC Davis
The ecology of aspergillosis in seabirds: Bridging the gap between environment and disease via molecular genotyping

Lisa Tell
UC Davis
Pharmacokinetic parameters of voriconazole in adult mallard ducks (Anas platyrhynchos)

Ronald Tjeerdema
UC Davis
Acute and chronic effects of crude and dispersed oil on the pre-smolt stage of Chinook salmon

2005-2006

Andrea Fascetti
UC Davis
Determination of plasma amino acid concentrations in wild and captive sea otters

John Incardona
NOAA, Northwest Fisheries Science Center
Mechanisms of petroleum hydrocarbon toxicity in fish at early life history stages

Karl Mayer
Monterey Bay Aquarium
Long-term survival, behavior and reproductive success of stranded Southern sea otter pups reared for release with a surrogate mother

Jonna Mazet
UC Davis
Health assessment of free-ranging Pacific leatherback sea turtles (Dermochelys coriacea) in Monterey Bay, California

Woutrina Miller
UC Davis
Effect of rehabilitation on pelagic bird fecal microbial communities and shedding of Salmonella spp

Ron Tjeerdema
UC Davis
Acute and chronic effects of crude oil and dispersed oil on Chinook salmon smolts (Year 3)

Ron Tjeerdema
UC Davis
Acute and chronic effects of crude and dispersed oil on the pre-smolt stage of Chinook salmon

Michael Ziccardi and
J. Gregory Massey

UC Davis
The ecology of aspergillosis in seabirds: Evaluation and validation of available diagnostic tests

2004-2005

Mark Colwell
Humboldt State University
Assessing patterns of shorebird roost site fidelity with radio-marked dunlins (Calidris alpina)

Mark Colwell
Humboldt State University
Spatial ecology of a marked population of the Western snowy plover
(Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus)
Publication: COLWELL, M. A., C. B. MILLETT, J. J. MEYER, J. N. HALL, S. J. HURLEY, S. E. McALLISTER, A. N. TRANSOU, and R. R. LeVALLEY.  2005. Snowy Plover reproductive success in beach and river habitats. Journal Field Ornithology 76:373-382.

Verena Gill
US Fish & Wildlife Service
Prevalence of infectious disease as a cause of mortality in northern sea otters (Enhydra lutris kenyoni) in Alaska

James Harvey
Moss Landing Marine Laboratories
Wings under waves: Diving behavior and time-activity budgets of provisioning Cassin’s auklets nesting in the Channel Islands, California

John Incardona
NOAA, Northwest Fisheries Science Center
Mechanisms of petroleum hydrocabon toxicity in fish at early life history stages

Shawn Johnson
Alaska SeaLife Center
Evaluation of an automated hemoglobinometer in seabirds

James Lovvorn
University of Wyoming
Developing captive husbandry for Cassin’s auklets and measuring their costs of foraging in spill-prone areas

F. Charles Mohr
UC Davis
Petroleum oil-induced adrenal hypertrophy in mink: Effects of stress, gender, and oil composition on adrenal function

2003-2004

Patricia Conrad
UC Davis
Epidemiology and molecular characterization of sea otter Cryptosporidium and Giardia infections

Eric Gershwin
UC Davis
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)-induced immune alterations in the harbor seal, Phoca vitulina

James T. Harvey
Moss Landing Marine Laboratories
Body condition and oceanographic determinants of sooty shearwater movements: a model for post-release survival studies in seabirds

Frances Gulland
The Marine Mammal Center
The effect of rehabilitation on antibiotic resistance of gastrointestinal bacteria in elephant seals

John Incardona
NOAA, Northwest Fisheries Science Center
Mechanisms of petroleum hydrocarbon toxicity in fish early life history states

Melissa Miller
UC Davis
Determining optimal antimicrobial regimens for otters using susceptibility and in vivo pharmacokinetic profiles

Ronald Tjeerdema
UC Davis
Acute and chronic effects of crude oil and dispersed oil on Chinook salmon smolts

2002-2003

Mark Colwell
Humboldt State
University space use, movements and habitat use of snowy plovers in Humboldt County, California

James T. Harvey
Moss Landing Marine Laboratories
Hematology, plasma chemistry, and movements of the sooty shearwater (Puffinus griseus) respond to changes in body condition, food habits, and ocean conditions off California

James T. Harvey
Moss Landing Marine Laboratories
Diving and hematology of common murre (Uria aalge) in Monterey Bay, California

Laird A. Henkel
HT Harvey and Associates
At-sea distribution of marbled murrelets in San Luis Obispo County, California

Jenifer A. Hurley
Moss Landing Marine Laboratories
Gastric disease in stranded pinnipeds: evaluating the prevalence and treatment of a novel Helicobacter species

Michelle Lander
The Marine Mammal Center
Implantation of subcutaneous radio transmitters in harbor seals (Phoca vitulina)
Publication: Lander, M.E., M. Haulena, F.M.D. Gulland, and J.T. Harvey. 2005.
Subcutaneous implantation of radio transmitters in the harbor seal (Phoca vitulina). Marine Mammal Science 21(1):154-161.

F. Charles Mohr
UC Davis
Investigation of the mechanism of adrenal gland hypertrophy induced by petroleum oil in American mink

Gary W. Page
Point Reyes Bird Observatory
Factors influencing the distribution of shorebirds on beaches of Monterey Bay, California

2001-2002

Stephen Beissinger
UC Berkeley
Post-breeding season movements and distribution of marbled murrelets in Central California

Richard Brown
Humboldt State University
Prevalence of zoonotic disease agents in seabirds undergoing rehabilitation, and associated risks to rehabilitators, from centers located in Northern California and Washington

Mark Colwell
Humboldt State University
Analysis of locations, characteristics and dynamics of waterbird roosts at Humboldt Bay

Mark Colwell
Humboldt State University
Space use, movements, and habitat use of snowy plovers in Humboldt County

Frances Gulland
The Marine Mammal Center
Estimating baseline distributions, abundance, and health parameters of Steller sea lion (Eumetopias jubatas) and California sea lion (Zalophus californianus) off Central California

James Harvey
San Jose State University
Using aerial surveys to estimate survivorship of Pacific harbor seal (Phoca vitulina richardsi) juveniles along central California

Jennifer Hurley
San Jose State University
Diagnosis and treatment of gastric disease in stranded pinnipeds

Jeffrey Stott
UC Davis
Identifying Oil-Sensitive Genes for Use in a Southern Sea Otter- Specific Microarray

2000-2001

Brenda Ballachey
USGS, Alaska Biological Science Center
Cytochrome P4501a biomarker in sea otters: A comparison of methods to detect aromatic hydrocarbon exposure

Patricia Dawn Goley
Humboldt State University
Spatial and temporal distribution of harbor seals in and around Humboldt Bay, California-Implications for effective response in the event of an oil spill

James T. Harvey
Moss Landing Marine Lab
Survival, movements, and food habits of Pacific harbor seal (Phoca vitulina richardsi) juveniles in central California

James T. Harvey
Moss Landing Marine Lab
Common murre (Uria aalge) diving activity, hematology and foraging habitat use in central California

Michelle Lander
The Marine Mammal Center
Post-release survival of rehabilitated California sea lions (Zalophus californianus) implanted with satellite transmitters with percutaneous antennae

Jonna Mazet
UC Davis
Evaluation of an aerial survey method for southern sea otter (Enhydra lutris nereis) location during oil spill response

F. Charles Mohr
UC Davis
Investigation of the mechanism of adrenal gland hypertrophy induced by petroleum oil in American mink

Michael J. Murray
Monterey Bay Aquarium
The use of the drug combination medetomidine/butorphanol as an analgesic sedative in the southern sea otter (Enhydra lutris nereis)

Scott Newman
UC Davis
Comparing transmitter attachment techniques in free-ranging common murres

Michelle Staedler
Monterey Bay Aquarium
Development and testing of a subcutaneous radio transmitter for sea otters

Jeffery Stott
UC Davis
Identifying oil-sensitive genes for use in a southern sea otter-specific microarray

Terrie Williams
UC Santa Cruz
Thermal lability in sea otters: A challenge for survival?

1999-2000

Merav Ben-David
University of Alaska, Anchorage
Post-release survival of river otters: Partitioning the effects of oiling and rehabilitation from the effects of captivity.

Walter M. Boyce
UC Davis
Genotoxicity of oil to mitochondrial DNA: A pilot study using the mink model for sea otters

Mark A. Colwell
Humboldt State University
Spatial analysis of Humboldt Bay birds: Implications in the event of an oil spill

James D. Gilardi
The Oceanic Society
Testing the use of sound to prevent marine birds and mammals from entering oil-contaminated waters off the coast of California

Marty Haulena
The Marine Mammal Center
Comparison of end-tidal carbon dioxide levels in anesthetized California sea lions with and without assisted mechanical ventilation

David A. Jessup
Marine Wildlife Vet. Care Research Center
Adaptation of sea otter husbandry protocols to emergency situations: A pilot study

Donald P. King
UC Davis
Development of rapid diagnostic tests to detect phocine herpes virus infection in Pacific harbor seals (Phoca vitulina richardsi)

Lynn Miller
Le Nichoir Rehabilitation Centre
Proposal to evaluate use of acute phase proteins as early indicators of toxic stress induced by oil in birds

F. Charles Mohr
UC Davis
Effect of petroleum oil on immune competence in wildlife: Studies with mink as a model for petroleum oil exposure in sea otters

Scott Newman
Wildlife Health Center, UC Davis
The biological and behavioral impacts of radio telemetry attachment on seabirds: Part II

Lisa A. Tell
UC Davis
Pharmacokinetic properties and systemic effects of a controlled release formulation of itraconazole in mallard ducks (Anas platyrhynchos)

Pamela K. Yochem
Hubbs-SeaWorld Research Institute
Changes in the skin and blood of northern elephant seals associated with molt, presence of oil or tar on the skin and hair, and disease

1998-99

Jennifer Burns
Institute of Marine Sciences, UCSC
Health, condition, and reproductive rates of harbor seals in Monterey Bay, California

Harry R. Carter
Humboldt State University and USGS, BRD
At-sea foraging patterns of Cassin's auklets in southern California

Mark A. Colwell
Humboldt State University
Spatial analysis of Humboldt Bay bird distributions: Implications for prevention, response, and rehabilitation of oiled birds

Michael S. Denison
Dept. of Environmental Toxicology, UC Davis
Evaluation and use of a recombinant cell bioassay to detect and quantify internal petroleum exposure in sea otters (Enhydra lutris ssp.) exposed to or at risk of exposure to oil spills

Frances Gulland
The Marine Mammal Center
Assessment and comparison of health status, survival, and behavior of recently weaned and free-ranging and rehabilitated southern sea otter (Enhydra lutris nereis) pups

David Jessup
California Department of Fish and Game
An assessment of levels of polycyclicaromatic hydrocarbons, pesticides, trace elements and heavy metals in tissues of selected prey items of California sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis) foraging in the Elkhorn Slough and Moss Landing harbor areas

Jonna A. K. Mazet
Wildlife Health Center, UC Davis
The use of geldanamycin to prevent the toxic effects of internal oil exposure on reproduction of mink (Mustela vison) as a model for sea otters (Enhydra lutris)

F. Charles Mohr
Dept. of Pathology, Microbiology, and Immunology, UC Davis
Effects of petroleum oil on immune competence in wildlife: Studies with mink as a model for petroleum oil exposure in sea otters

Scott H. Newman
Wildlife Health Center, UC Davis
The biological and behavioral impacts of radio telemetry attachment on seabirds

Donald Smith
UC Santa Cruz
Effects of contaminants on immune suppression in seabirds

Florina S. Tseng
International Bird Rescue Research Center
An investigation into the efficacy of itraconazole as a preventative and treatment for Aspergillus infections in seabirds

1997-98

Merav Ben-David
University of Alaska, Anchorage
Responses of river otters to oil contamination: A controlled study of biological stress markers, diving physiology, and foraging success

Michael S. Denison
UC Davis
Development and use of a recombinant cell bioassay to detect and quantify polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the serum of free-ranging wildlife prior to and during oil spills

David A. Ferrick
UC Davis
Development of marine mammal immune cell reconstituted mice as an in vivo model to investigate the effects of oil exposure on sea otters, pinnipeds, and cetaceans

Frances Gulland
The Marine Mammal Center
Assessment and comparison of the health status, survival and behavior of recently weaned free-ranging and rehabilitated southern sea otter pups

James Harvey
Moss Landing Marine Laboratory
Assessment of the post-release survival of rehabilitated and wild harbor seal pups.

F. Charles Mohr
UC Davis
Effect of petroleum oil on immune competence in wildlife: Studies with mink as a model for petroleum oil exposure in sea otters

Florina S. Tseng
International Bird Rescue Research Center
An investigation into the efficacy of itraconazole as a preventative and treatment of aspergillus infections in seabirds

Florina S. Tseng
International Bird Rescue Research Center
An investigation in the use of sedatives in oiled bird rehabilitation

Terrie M. Williams
Dept. of Biology, UC Santa Cruz
The effect of salt and fresh water on the thermal insulation of otter fur

Michael Ziccardi
Wildlife Health Center, UC Davis
The histopathological and biochemical effect of petroleum products on seabirds

Joseph G. Zinkl
UC Davis
Examining avian stress parameters associated with rehabilitation methodologies

1996-97

Frances Gulland
The Marine Mammal Center
Assessment and comparison of the health status, survival and behavior of recently weaned free-ranging and rehabilitated southern sea otter pups

James Harvey
Moss Landing Marine Laboratory
Comparison of behaviors and post-release survival between wild and rehabilitated harbor seal pups

F. Charles Mohr
UC Davis
Effect of petroleum oil on immune competence in wildlife: Studies with mink as a model for petroleum oil exposure in sea otters

Florina S. Tseng
International Bird Rescue Research Center
An investigation into the efficacy of itraconazole as a preventative and treatment of aspergillus infections in seabirds

Joseph G. Zinkl
UC Davis
Examining avian stress parameters associated with rehabilitation methodologies