UC Veterinary Medical Center, San Diego

Photo: Cardiology
Dr. Orvalho’s expertise includes non-invasive techniques such as echocardiography and electrocardiography

Cardiology Services

Medical Cardiology

Cardiovascular consultations

Echocardiography : 2D, color Doppler, spectral Doppler, tissue Doppler, transesophageal and live 3-D echocardiography

Electrocardiography: digital 12 lead electrocardiograms, Holter (24hr ambulatory) monitors, and event monitors

Digital radiography and fluoroscopy

Blood pressure measurement: indirect (Doppler and oscillometry) and direct methods

Interventional Cardiology

Angiography: selective and non-selective angiograms

Pacemaker implantation: single and dual-chamber pacing

PDA occlusion: PDA coil embolization, vascular plugs and Amplatz Canine Ductal Occluders (ACDO)

Balloon valvuloplasty:  pulmonic, tricuspid and mitral valve stenosis, as well as ballooning of other congenital cardiac defects

New techniques

Live 3-D Echocardiography

Live three-dimensional echocardiography is a new ultrasound modality that allows better imaging of the cardiac structures and provides a more sophisticated method of quantifying cardiac function in humans. It promises to be beneficial in the diagnosis and treatment of cardiac diseases in animal patients.

Transesophageal Echocardiography

Transesophageal echocardiography is an imaging technique that uses a special ultrasound probe that is placed in the esophagus. It provides a more detailed image of cardiac structures and is especially useful when performing interventional cardiac procedures such as patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) occlusion and balloon valvuloplasty.