William R. Pritchard Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital

Photo: Critical Care ICU
Critical Care ICU

Critical Care (ICU) - Activities

Critical Care is provided through our intensive care unit (ICU), which is one of the oldest in the country. It was established in 1975.

One of our goals is to provide immediate initial recognition, evaluation and care of patients with acute illness and injury, and continued care for critically ill patients. We strive to pursue the extension and preservation of life, and to promote the well-being of our patients through the relief of suffering and restoration of health.
ER ICU Medicine

To achieve our goals the ICU is staffed by faculty, residents, veterinary technicians, and animal technicians. We provide 24 hour seven day a week nursing care. Many of our technicians are members of the Academy of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care Technicians (membership is granted by speciality certifying examination). Emergency and critical care residents in training and board certified specialists are available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week to direct patient care and consult as required.

We have a state of the art intensive care unit (ICU) which can accommodate 8 to 14 patients depending on patient size and the level of care required. We have 5 oxygen cages, cardiac monitors, intravenous fluid pumps, syringe pumps, diagnostic ultrasound, mechanical ventilators and advanced hemodynamic monitoring capabilities including direct arterial blood pressure, cardiac output and continuous electrocardiography. Our ICU laboratory can measure blood gases, electrolytes, lactate, hemoglobin, colloid osmotic pressure, osmolality, activated clotting times and creatinine.

We are extremely proud of our ability to provide long term ventilatory support for those patients unable to effectively breath on their own. Few facilities have the resources to provide care to patients requiring this level of patient support. We routinely manage patients with multiple organ disorders. We provide postoperative support to patients that have undergone craniotomies (brain surgery) or cardiothoracic surgery. The ICU also utilizes pulmonary artery catheters to measure cardiac output and determine other parameters involved in oxygen delivery and utilization. Optimizing fluid therapy and balance using crystalloids and colloids as well as blood products is a particular focus of the Critical Care Service.