William R. Pritchard Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital

Current Topics

EPM and EPM testing references

Gaining ground on EPM - UC Davis, Center for Equine Health - The Horse Report.

Molecular characterization of Sarcocystis neurona strains from opossums (Didelphis virginiana) and intermediate hosts from Central California. Rejmanek D, Miller MA, Grigg ME, Crosbie PR, Conrad PA. Vet Parasitol. 2010 May 28;170(1-2):20-9. doi: 10.1016/j.vetpar.2009.12.045. Epub 2010 Feb 11.

Utility of 2 immunological tests for antemortem diagnosis of equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (Sarcocystis neurona Infection) in naturally occurring cases. Johnson AL, Burton AJ, Sweeney RW. J Vet Intern Med. 2010 Sep-Oct;24(5):1184-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1939-1676.2010.0576.x. Epub 2010 Aug 12.

Prevalence and risk factors associated with Sarcocystis neurona infections in opossums (Didelphis virginiana) from central California. Rejmanek D, Vanwormer E, Miller MA, Mazet JA, Nichelason AE, Melli AC, Packham AE, Jessup DA, Conrad PA. Vet Parasitol. 2009 Dec 3;166(1-2):8-14. doi: 10.1016/j.vetpar.2009.08.013. Epub 2009 Aug 15.

Equine protozoal myeloencephalitis associated with neosporosis in 3 horses. Finno CJ, Aleman M, Pusterla N. J Vet Intern Med. 2007 Nov-Dec;21(6):1405-8.

Effects of blood contamination of cerebrospinal fluid on results of indirect fluorescent antibody tests for detection of antibodies against Sarcocystis neurona and Neospora hughesi. Finno CJ, Packham AE, David Wilson W, Gardner IA, Conrad PA, Pusterla N. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2007 May;19(3):286-9.

Indirect fluorescent antibody testing of cerebrospinal fluid for diagnosis of equine protozoal myeloencephalitis. Duarte PC, Ebel ED, Traub-Dargatz J, Wilson WD, Conrad PA, Gardner IA. Am J Vet Res. 2006 May;67(5):869-76.

Risk of transplacental transmission of Sarcocystis neurona and Neospora hughesi in California horses. Duarte PC, Conrad PA, Barr BC, Wilson WD, Ferraro GL, Packham AE, Carpenter TE, Gardner IA. J Parasitol. 2004 Dec;90(6):1345-51.

Evaluation and comparison of an indirect fluorescent antibody test for detection of antibodies to Sarcocystis neurona, using serum and cerebrospinal fluid of naturally and experimentally infected, and vaccinated horses. Duarte PC, Daft BM, Conrad PA, Packham AE, Saville WJ, MacKay RJ, Barr BC, Wilson WD, Ng T, Reed SM, Gardner IA. J Parasitol. 2004 Apr;90(2):379-86.

Comparison of a serum indirect fluorescent antibody test with two Western blot tests for the diagnosis of equine protozoal myeloencephalitis. Duarte PC, Daft BM, Conrad PA, Packham AE, Gardner IA. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2003 Jan;15(1):8-13.

Qualitative evaluation of selective tests for detection of Neospora hughesi antibodies in serum and cerebrospinal fluid of experimentally infected horses. Packham AE, Conrad PA, Wilson WD, Jeanes LV, Sverlow KW, Gardner IA, Daft BM, Marsh AE, Blagburn BL, Ferraro GL, Barr BC. J Parasitol. 2002 Dec;88(6):1239-46.

Neosporosis as a cause of equine protozoal myeloencephalitis. Marsh AE, Barr BC, Madigan J, Lakritz J, Nordhausen R, Conrad PA. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1996 Dec 1;209(11):1907-13.

Koi Herpes Virus references

Essential veterinary education in fish health and disease: a global perspective. Weber ES 3rd, Blanc G, Hedrick RP. Rev Sci Tech. 2009 Aug;28(2):551-8.

Antibody response of two populations of common carp, Cyprinus carpio L., exposed to koi herpesvirus. St-Hilaire S, Beevers N, Joiner C, Hedrick RP, Way K. J Fish Dis. 2009 Apr;32(4):311-20.

An Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) for Detection of Antibodies to the Koi Herpesvirus (KHV) in the serum of Koi Cyprinus carpio. Mark A. Adikson, Oren Gilad and Ronal P. Hedrick. Fish Pathology, 40(2), 53-62, 2005.

Koi Herpesvirus (KHV) Disease. Katleen H. Hartman, Roy P.E. Yanong, Deborah B. Pouder, Denisse Petty, Ruth Francis-Floyd and Allen C. Riggs. University of Florida IFAS Extension VM-149

A Herpesvirus Associated with Mass Mortality of Juvenile and Adult Koi, a Strain of Common Carp.  Hedrick, R P., O. Gilad, S. Yun, J.V. Spangenberg, G.D. Marty, R.W. Nordhausen, M.J. Kebus, H. Bercovier, and A. Eldar. Journal of Aquatic Animal Health, 12:44-57, 2000.