Computed Tomography (CT)
Computed tomography (CT) uses x-rays to produce multiple images of the inside of the body, and provides thin, cross-sectional “slices” for viewing. CT scans of internal organs, bone, soft tissue and blood vessels provide much more detail than conventional x-rays. Radiologists use this specialized equipment and expertise to diagnose problems such as cancer, abnormalities of blood vessels, trauma, and musculoskeletal disorders.
CT imaging is:
• one of the best tools for studying the chest and abdomen because it provides detailed, cross-sectional views of all types of tissue.
• often the preferred method for diagnosing many different cancers, since the image allows a veterinarian to confirm the presence of a tumor and measure its size, precise location and the extent of the tumor's involvement with other nearby tissue.
• invaluable in diagnosing and treating spinal problems and injuries to the skeletal structures because it can clearly show even very small bones as well as surrounding tissues such as muscle and blood vessels.
Veterinary radiologists often use the CT examination to:
• diagnose cancer of the lungs and nasal cavity
• diagnose abnormal bloods vessels in the liver
• diagnose disorders of the abdomen such as kidney stones
• diagnose disorders of bones and joints such as elbow dysplasia
• plan and properly administer radiation treatments for tumors
• guide biopsies and other minimally invasive procedures
• plan surgery